Take the HIV Quiz
Answer: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system. The immune system protects the body from infections, cancers and other conditions. If a person has HIV and is not getting treatment, over time, they will become very sick and most people will die. If a person knows they are living with HIV and they take HIV medicine, they can live long, healthy lives.
Answer: HIV can be passed from one person to another:
- During Sex: when a person puts their penis in another person’s anus or vagina.
- By Sharing Needles: If a person shares any item used for injecting drugs.
- During pregnancy, birth and breast-feeding: A pregnant person who is not taking HIV treatment can pass HIV to their baby during the pregnancy, when giving birth or through breast-feeding.
- Use a condom every time you have sex.
- Get a medicine called PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) from a health care provider.
- Only use a new, sterile needle when injecting any substance.
If a person living with HIV is on treatment and has an undetectable viral load, they cannot pass HIV to a partner through sex.
Answer: Yes. Treatment for HIV is very effective and usually involves taking just one pill a day. The treatment is safe and most people will have no side effects.
Answer: HIV testing can be as simple as a ﬁnger prick or blood draw.